Fall 2021 Bio-blitz Results

Eric Duran
Head Naturalist

Twice a year, once in the Spring and once in the Fall, we try to count all of the living wild species of plants, animals, slime molds, and fungi that we can in Russ Pitman Park.

This counting of species is referred to as a “Bio-blitz”. Its an important part of understanding the life at the Nature Center, and how it may be changing over time. We want to be able to answer questions about population trends, introduced non-native species, and general biodiversity.

Rough Earth Snake
Yellow-rumped Warbler

Our staff naturalists conduct this count, along with volunteer naturalists and biologists. For many institutions, a Bio-blitz is just one day, but we have a limited staff and relatively small volunteer corps, so our bio-blitzes usually last for about 2 weeks. As a practice, we like to enter much of our observations into E-Bird and iNaturalist, so that our data is accessible to biologists around the world and through time, going forward. That we, our local data can become part of big picture scientific data.

This was a really successful Fall BioBlitz!

This year, we counted 361 total species, which beat last year’s Fall Bio-blitz count of 340. The relatively warm weather and recent rains helped with counting so many species.

Re-banded Fungus Beetle

As with most of the counts we do, we found a few new species for the park (at least as far as we know from records). Florida Oakgall Borer Moth, Red-banded Fungus Beetle, and newly encountered species of light colored Russula mushroom all made an appearance for us… all species that we have no record of being in the park before. This is always thrilling for our naturalists!

Florida Oakgall Borer Moth

It usually takes 2-4 weeks to get all of the species, that we photographed, identified, so that we can compile an accurate count. As far as we know at this, time, we’ve IDed everything we can, and we are ready to present to you the final version of the Fall 2021 Bio-blitz for the Nature Discovery Center in Russ Pitman Park!

If you have any questions, feel free to email me at

Thank you!

Yellow-rumped Warbler photo – Nature Discovery Center – All Rights Reserved.
All other photos by Eric Duran. CC BY-SA – Some rights reserved.




ANIMALS: (167)

FUNGI: (40)


PLANTS: (152)


Mammals: (4)

Gray Squirrel – Sciurus carolinensis

Fox Squirrel – Sciurus niger

Raccoon – Procyon lotor

Virginia Opossum – Didelphis virginiana

Birds: (27)

Black-bellied Whistling Duck – Dendrocygna autumnalis

White Ibis – Eudocimus albus

Downy Woodpecker – Picoides pubescens

Red-bellied Woodpecker – Melanerpes carolinus

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker – Sphyrapicus varius

Monk Parakeet – Myiopsitta monachus

Cooper’s Hawk – Accipiter cooperii

Turkey Vulture – Cathartes aura

Ruby-throated Hummingbird – Archilochus colibris

Rufous Hummingbird – Selasphorus rufus

Chimney Swift – Chaetura pelagica

White-winged Dove – Zenaida asiatica

Northern Cardinal – Cardinalis cardinalis

Blue Jay – Cyanocitta cristata

Carolina Chickadee – Poecile carolinensis

Tufted Titmouse – Baeolophus bicolor

American Robin – Turdus migratorius

Hermit Thrush – Catharus gutttatus

Black & White Warbler – Mniotilta varia

American Redstart – Setophaga ruticilla

Wilson’s Warbler – Cardellina pusilla

Yellow-rumped Warbler – Setophaga coronata

Northern Mockingbird – Mimus polyglottus

Eastern Wood-Peewee – Contopus virens

Great Crested Flycatcher – Myiarchus crinitus

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher – Polioptila caerulea

Baltimore Oriole – Icterus galbula

Reptiles: (5)

Three-toed Box Turtle – Terrapene Carolina

Red-eared Slider – Trachemys scripta elegans

Green Anole – Anolis carolinensis

Cuban Brown Anole – Anolis sagrei

Rough Earth Snake – Haldea striulata

Green Tree Frog

Amphibians: (3)

Gulf Coast Toad – Incilius nebulifer

Rio Grande Chirping Frog – Eleutherodactylus cystignathoides

Green Tree Frog – Dryophytes cinereus

Bony Fish: (2)

Mosquitofish – Gambusia affinis

Tilapia – Tilapia zillii

INVERTEBRATES (Non-insects):  (22)

Mollusks: (5)

Asian Tramp Snail – Bradybaena similaris

Globular Drop – Oligyra orbiculata

Dome Snail – Ventridens sp.

Rosy Wolf Snail – Euglandina rosea

Flatcoil Snail – Polygyra sp.

Segmented Worms: (1)

Common Earthworm – Lumbricus terrestris

Arachnids: (13)

Wolf Spider – Tigrosa georgicola

House Orbweaver – Metazygia sp.

Spinybacked Orbweaver – Gasteracantha cancriformis

Tangleweb Spider – Theridion sp.

South American Hacklemesh Spider – Metaltella simony

American House Spider – Parasteatoda tepidariorum

Long-jawed Orbweaver – Tetragnatha sp.

Brown Crab Spider – Thomisidae

White Crab Spider – Thomisidae

Garden Ghost Spider – Hibana gracilis

Funnel Weaver – Agelenidae

Yellow Garden Spider – Argiope aurantia

Common Hentz Jumping Spider – Hentzia palmarum

Orchard Orbweaver – Leucage sp.

Crustaceans: (2)

Comm. Striped Woodlouse – Philoscia muscorum

Common Pillbug – Armadillidium vulgare

Yellow-collared Scape Moth

INSECTS/Hexapods: (104)

Dragonflies: (2)

Band-winged Dragonlet – Erythrodiplax umbrata

Roseate Skimmer – Orthemis ferruginea

Butterflies and Moths: (33)

Monarch – Danaus plexipus

Spicebush Swallowtail – Papilio troilus

Gulf Fritillary – Agraulis vanilla

Horace’s Duskywing – Erynnis horatius

Cloudless Sulphur – Phoebis sennae

Sachem – Atalopedes campestris

Clouded Skipper – Lerema accius

Common Buckeye – Junonia coenia

Painted Lady – Vanessa cardui

Question Mark – Polygonia interrogationis

Red Admiral – Vanessa atalanta

Long-tailed Skipper – Urbanus proteus

Fiery Skipper – Hylephila phyleus

Little Yellow – Pyrisitia lisa

Eastern Giant Swallowtail – Papilio cresphontes

Texan Crescent – Anthanassa texana

Gray Hairstreak – Strymon melinus

Dorantes Longtail – Thorybes dorantes

Tropical Checkered Skipper – Burnsius oileus

Bagworm moth – Psychidae

Southern Flannel Moth – Megalopyge opercularis

Fall Webworm Moth – Hyphantria cunea

Indian Meal Moth – Plodia interpunctella

Grass Moths – family Crambidae

Yellow-collared Scapemoth – Cisseps fulvicollis

Feather-edged Petrophila – Petrophila fulicalis

Melonworm Moth – Diaphania hyalinata

Dagger Moth – Agrotis sp.

Curve-horned Moth – Gelechioidea

Yellow Nutsedge Moth – Diploschizia impigritella

Dusky Herpetogramma Moth – Herpetogramma phaeopteralis

Florida Oakgall Borer Moth – Synanthedon sapygaeformis

Pannaria Wave – Leptostales pannaria

Flies: (15)

Goldenrod Gall Fly – Erosta solidaginis

Long-legged fly – Condylostylus sp.

Oriental Latrine Fly – Chrysomya megacephala

Leaf-miner Fly – family Agromyzidae

Dusky-winged Hoverfly – Ocyptamus fuscipennis

Non-biting Midge – Chironomus sp.

Yellow Fever Mosquito – Aedes aegypti

Inland Floodwater Mosquito – Aedes vexans


Freeloader Fly – Milichiidae

White-footed Woods Mosquito – Psorophora ferox

Common Flesh Fly – Sarcophaga sp.

Soldier Fly – Hoplitimyia mutabilis

Soldier Fly – Microchrysa sp.

Greenbottle Fly – Lucilia sp.

Bees, Wasps, Sawflies, Ants: (19)

Eastern Carpenter Bee – ‎Xylocopa virginica

Southern Carpenter Bee – Xylocopa micans

Western Honeybee – Apis mellifera

Leafcutter Bee – Megachile sp.

American Bumblebee – Bombus pensylvanicus

Carpenter Ant – Camponotus sp.

Carpenter Ant – Myrmentoma sp.

Black Crazy Ant – Paratrechina longicornis

Graceful Twig Ant – Pseudomyrmex gracilis

Sawfly – subtribe Mesostenina

Metric Paper Wasp – Polistes metricus

Guinea Paper Wasp – Polistes exclamans

Tarantula Hawk Wasp – Calopompilus maculipennis

Southern Live Oak Stem Gall Wasp – Callirhytis quercusbatatoides

Short-tailed Ichneumon Wasp – Enicospilus sp.

Great Black Digger Wasp – Sphex pensylvanicus

Braconid Wasp – Atanycolus sp.

Gold-marked Thread Wasted Wasp – Eremnophila aureonotata

Hunter’s Little Paper Wasp –Polistes dorsalis

Beetles: (11)

Click Beetle – Orthostethus infuscatus

Asian Ladybird Beetle – Harmonia axyridis

Ground Beetle – Carabidae

June Beetle – Phyllophaga sp.

Water Scavenger Beetle – Enochrinae

Predaceous Water Beetle – Laccophilus sp.

Pinhole Borer Beetle – Euplatypus compositus

Ground Beetle – Agonum sp.

Comb-clawed Darkling Beetle – Lobopoda sp.

Skin Beetle – Dermestidae

Red-banded Fungus Beetle – Megalodacne fasciata

True Bugs: (13)

True Spittlebug – Aphrophoridae

Oleander Aphid – Aphis nerii

Hackberry Petiole Gall Psyllid – Pachypsylla venusta

Scissor-grinder Cicada – Neotibicen pruinosis

Planthopper – Tylozygus bifidus

Stink Bug – Euschistus obscurus

Green Stinkbug – Chinavia hilaris

Wheel Bug – Arilus cristatus

Giant Leaf-footed Bug – Acanthocephala declivis

Planthopper – Homalodisca sp.

Planthopper – Cedusa sp.

Planthopper – Cyarda sp.

Texas Bow-legged Bug – Hyalymenus tarsatus

Cockroaches: (4)

Suriname Roach – Pycnoscelus surinamensis

American Cockroach – Periplaneta americana

Asian Cockroach – Blatella asahinai

Smoky Brown Cockroach – Periplaneta fuliginosa

Termites: (1)

Eastern Subterranean Termite – Reticulitermes flavipes

Earwigs: (1)

Yellow-legged earwig – Euborellia arcanum

Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids: (3)

Great Anglewing Katydid – Microcentrum rhombifolium

Narrow-winged Tree Cricket – Oecanthus niveus

Broad-tipped Conehead – Neoconocephalus triops

Lacewings: (2)

Brown Lacewing – family Hemerobiidae

Green Lacewing – Chrysopa sp.


Dog Vomit Slime Mold – Fuligo septica

Chocolate Tube Slime – Stemonitis splendens

Reishi fungus – Ganoderma sessile

FUNGI: (40)

Hairy Hexagonia – Hexagonia hydnoides

False Turkey Tail – Stereum ostrea

Crowded Parchment Fungus – Stereum complicatum

Bracket Fungus – Ganoderma sessile

Bracket Fungus – Trametes lactinea

Oak Bracket – Pseudoinonotus dryadeus

Turkey Tail Fungus – Trametes versicolor

Mustard Yellow Polypore – Fuscoparia gilva

Hypoxylon Canker – Biscogniauxia atropunctata

Common Tarcrust – Diatrype stigma

Ceramic Parchment fungus – Xylobolus frustulatus

Trichoderma sp.

Firerug Inkcap – Coprinellus domesticus

Splitgill Mushroom – Schizophyllum commune

Honeycomb Bracket fungus – Favolus brasiliensis

Reddening Lepiota – Leucogaricus americanus

Red Russula – Russula sp.

Russula cerolens

Green-spored Parasol – Chlorophyllum molybdites

Grisette – Amanita vaginata

Wood Ear Fungus – Auricularia sp.

Peeling Oysterling – Crepidotus mollis

Golden-haired Inkcap – Parasola auricorna

Trooping Crumblecap – Coprinellus disseminates

Bolete – Hortiboletus sp.

Deer Mushroom – Pluteus sp.

Golden Chanterelle – Cantahrellus sp.

Unknown mushroom #1 – Myceana sp.

Unknown mushroom #2 – ?

Pore lichen – Pertusaria sp.

Rough-speckled Shield Lichen – Punctelia rudecta

Powdered Ruffle Lichen – Parmotrema hypotropum

Common Greenshield Lichen – Flavoparmelia caperata

Whitewash Lichen – Phlyctis argena

Sinewed Bushy Lichen – Ramalina americana

Cartilage Lichen – Ramalina celastri

Perforated Ruffle Lichen – Parmotrema perforatum

Bristly Beard Lichen – Usnea hirta

Lichen – Dirinaria sp.

Unknown lichen #1

Missouri Ironweed

PLANTS: (152)

There are of course way more than ___ plants in Russ Pitman Park.

The Nature Discovery Center, however, already has a rather voluminous and exhaustive plant list for the park. Thus, the naturalists who participated in the first Bio-blitz did not attempt to document all or even most of the plants in the park. Participants simply noted plants they found interesting, observed fruiting or blooming, or thought may not already be on the official park list of plants.

During future Bio-blitzes, we will invite plant specialists to help us survey more systematically, for a more thorough accounting of plants present in the park.

Mosses: (1)

Unidentified moss sp.

Ferns: (3)

Resurrection Fern – Pleopeltis michauxiana

Japanese Climbing Fern – Lygodium japonicum

Southern Wood Fern – Dryopteris ludoviciana

Palms: (2)

Dwarf Palmetto – Sabal minor

Mexican Fan Palm – Washingtonia robusta

Grasses/Sedges/Rushes: (11)

Indiangrass – Sorghastrum nutans

Eastern Gamagrass – Tripsacum dactyloides

Basketgrass – Oplismenus hirtellus

Wood Oats (Inland Sea Oats) – Chasmanthium latifolium

Bermuda Grass – Cynodon dactylon

Big Bluestem – Andropogon gerardi

Hairy Crabgrass – Digitaria sanguinalis

Umbrella Papyrus – Cyperus involucratus

Cherokee Sedge – Carex cherokeensis

True sedge – Carex sp.

Deep-rooted Sedge – Cyperus enterianus

Broadleaf Plants: (135)

Mexican Plum – Prunus mexicanus

Boxelder Maple – Acer negundo

Red Maple – Acer rubrum

Southern Sugar Maple – Acer floridanum

American Sycamore – Platanus occidentalis

American Sweetgum – Liquidambar occidentalis

Chinese Privet – Ligustrum sinense

Tree Privet – Ligustrum lucidum

Ornamental Pear – Pyrus sp.

Black Willow – Salix nigra

Gum Bumelia – Sideroxylon langunosum

River Birch – Betula nigra

Sweetbay Magnolia – Magnolia virginiana

Southern Magnolia – Magnolia grandiflora

Sugar Hackberry – Celtis laevigata

Green Ash – Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Red Mulberry – Morus rubra

Chinese Mulberry – Morus alba

Shummard Red Oak – Quercus shumardii

Southern Live Oak – Quercus virginiana

Loquat-leaf Oak – Quercus rysophylla

Bur Oak – Quercus macrocarpa

Swamp Chestnut Oak – Quercus michauxii

Live Oak – Quercus virginiana

Willow Oak – Quercus phellos

Water Oak – Quercus nigra

Bald Cypress – Taxodium distichum

Loblolly Pine – Pinus taeda

Spruce Pine – Pinus glabra

Roughleaf Dogwood – Cornus drummondii

Eastern Redbud – Cercis canadensis

Carolina Laurelcherry – Prunus caronliniana

American Hornbeam – Carpinus caroliniana

Mexican Buckeye – Ungnadia speciosa

Osage Orange – Maclura pomifera

Orchid Tree – Bauhinia variegata

Shining Sumac – Rhus copallinum

Pecan – Carya illinoinensis

American Elm – Ulmus americana

Cedar Elm – Ulmus crassifolia

Northern Catalpa – Catalpa speciose

Chinese Raintree – Koelrueteria elegans

American Basswood – Tilia Americana

Camphor Tree – Cinnamomum camphora

Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

False Indigo – Amorpha fruticosa

Senna sp.

Parsley Hawthorn – Crataegus marshallii

Yaupon Holly – Ilex vomitoria

Chinese Holly – Ilex cornuta

Possumhaw Holly – Ilex decidua

American Black Elderberry – Sambucus canadensis

Southern Arrowwood – Viburnum dentatum

Buttonbush – Cephalanthus occidentalis

American Beautyberry – Callicarpa americana

Heavenly Bamboo – Nandina domestica

Common Lantana – Lantana camara

Texas Lantana – Lantana x urticoides

Straggler Daisy – Calyptocarpus vialis

Texas Frogfruit – Phyla nodiflora

Yard Aster – Symphotrichum divaricatum

Panicled Aster – Symphotrichum lanceolatum

Blue Mistflower – Conoclinium coelestinum

Tall Goldenrod – Solidago altissima

Seaside Goldenrod – Solidago sempervirens

Giant Goldenrod – Solidago canadensis

Narrowleaf Sunflower – Helianthus angustifolius

Camphorweed – Pluchea camphorata

Opposite-leaf Spotflower – Acmella repens

Spiny Chloracantha – Chloracantha spinosa

Cuban Jute – Sida rhombifolia

Illinois Bundleflower – Desmanthus illinoensis

Chamberbitter – Phyllanthus urinaria

Leafy Elephant’s-foot – Elephantopus carolinianus

Frostweed – Verbesina virginica

Missouri Ironweed – Vernonia missurica

Mexican Primrose-willow – Ludwigia octovalvis

Three-seeded Mercury – Acalypha sp.

Lizard’s Tail – Saururus cernuus

Obedient Plant – Physostegia virginiana

Brazos Penstemon – Penstemon tenuis

Hairy Crabweed – Fatoua villosa

Pickerelweed – Pontederia cordata

Rattlesnake Master – Eryngium yuccifolium

Cast Iron Plant – Aspidistra elatior

Monkey grass – Liriope sp.

Mexican Shrimp Plant – Justicia brandegeeana

Mexican Ruellia – Ruellia simplex

Wild Petunia – Ruellia caerula

Wedelia – Sphagneticola calendulacea

Turk’s Cap – Malvaviscus arboreus

Whitemouth Dayflower – Commelina erecta

Scarlet Sage – Salvia coccinea

Ball Moss – Tillandsia recurvata

Late Boneset – Eupatorium serotinum

Eastern False Aloe – Manfreda virginica

Narrowleaf Sunflower – Helianthus angustifolius

White Clover – Trifolium repens

Alligatorweed – Alternathera philoxeroides

Swamp Criunum – Crinum sp.

Spotted Spurge – Euphorbia maculata

Graceful Spurge – Euphorbia hypericifolia

Painted Spurge – Euphorbia heterophylla

Oriental False Hawk’sbeard – Youngia japonica

Sensitive Plants – Mimosa strigillosa.

Mock Strawberry – Potentilla indica

Carolina Ponysfoot – Dichondra carolinensis

Largeleaf Pennywort – Hydrocotyle bonariensis

Peruvian Lily – Alstroemeria aurea

Tahitian Bridalveil – Gibasis pellucida

Blue Violet – Viola sororia

Shrubby Boneset – Ageratina havanensis

Aster  – Boltonia sp.

Pitcher’s Leatherflower – Clematis pitcher

Swamp Leatherflower – Clematis crispa

Yellow Star Grass – Hypoxis hirsute

Mugwort – Artemisia sp.

Groundsel Tree – Baccharis halimifolia

Redbay – Persea borbonia

Climbing Hempvine – Mikania scandens

Tievine – Ipomoea cordatotriloba

Saltmarsh Morning-glory – Ipomoea sagittata

Mustang Grape – Vitis mustangensis

Muscadine Grape – Vitis rotundifolia

American Trumpetvine – Campsis radicans

Carolina Snailseed – Cocculus carolinus

Virginia Creeper – Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Poison Ivy – Toxicodendron redicans

Japanese Honeysuckle – Lonicera japonica

Saw Greenbriar – Smilax bona-nox

Cross Vine – Bignonia capreolata

Blackberry/Dewberry – Rubus sp.

Scarlet Creeper – Ipomoea hederifolia

Pepper Vine – Ampelopsis arborea

Catclaw Vine – Dolichandra unguis-cati